Taekwondo (/ˈtɛˈkwɒnˈdoʊ/; Hangul: 태권도) is a Korean martial art. Taekwondo was developed during the 1940s and 1950s by various martial artists by combining and incorporating the elements of Karate and Chinese martial arts along with the indigenous Korean martial arts traditions of Hopkido and Tang Soo Do and along with things like Boxing and more western arts like Wrestling.
The oldest governing body for taekwondo is the Korea Taekwondo Association (KTA), formed in 1959 by a collaborative effort by representatives from the nine original kwans, or martial arts schools, in Korea. The main international organizational bodies for taekwondo today are the International Taekwon-Do Federation (ITF), founded by General Choi Hong Hi in 1966, and the partnership of the Kukkiwon and the World Taekwondo Federation (WTF), founded in 1972 and 1973 respectively by the Korea Taekwondo Association. Gyeorugi ([kjʌɾuɡi]), a type of full-contact sparring, has been an Olympic event since 1992. The body known for taekwondo in the Olympics is the World Taekwondo Federation.